Stages And Symptoms of Vascular Dementia
Do you understand the early and late phases of vascular dementia? Understanding the phases of vascular dementia will assist you in recognizing the development of symptoms and preparing as a caregiver. Many times, by being aware of the signs, you may assist yourself or a loved one live a normal life for a little longer.
What Is Vascular Dementia and How Does It Affect You?
“Relating to the blood vessels of the body” is what the term vascular means. Reduced blood supply to the brain, such as that experienced following a stroke, causes vascular dementia. Mini strokes (also known as silent strokes) occur when people are unaware that they have had a stroke, yet they nonetheless experience a reduction of blood flow to the brain. As a result, damage occurs, resulting in symptoms such as:
- Disorientation in terms of time or place Difficulty with language
- Misplacing things due to a lack of initiative (such as putting eyeglasses in the dishwasher)
- Mood swings or a shift in personality
- Memory lapses in the recent past
- Problems with abstract reasoning
- Having difficulty with routine tasks
Vascular dementia is the second most frequent type of dementia, with Alzheimer’s disease being the most common. Those who suffer from vascular dementia, as well as those who become their caregivers, face a challenging struggle. If vascular dementia is detected early on, lifestyle adjustments can sometimes be made to assist prevent future damage. There are additional steps that can be performed to help compensate for symptoms that have already begun to appear.
Vascular Dementia Stages
Following a stroke, vascular dementia may advance slowly or rapidly, depending on whether another stroke or heart attack happens.
Vascular Dementia in its Early Stages
Symptoms of vascular dementia may appear gradually over time in the early stages. People who have these symptoms are generally aware of them, even if they are unaware of the source. These signs and symptoms include:
- Walking is challenging.
- Issues with following a discussion Issues with conducting routine duties or activities
- Memory loss in the short term
- The inability to focus
Creating a system of reminders to support a person through the early stages of vascular dementia can sometimes allow them enjoy a fairly normal existence. For some, developing an easy-to-follow checklist of tasks that need to be done each day may enough.
Vascular Dementia in its Later Stages
As vascular dementia progresses, the person suffering from it will need more and more supervision; as mental capacity declines, the person may become a danger to himself or others. Symptoms of vascular dementia in its latter stages include:
- Wandering has a tendency to make you irritated or angry.
Along with these mental changes, a person with vascular dementia in the latter stages may become incontinent and immobile, necessitating more specialized care and placement in a nursing home facility.
Small Steps You Can Take to Assist Someone With Vascular Dementia
While there is no cure for dementia, you can take minor efforts to assist lessen frustration and confusion in the early stages.
Keep a plethora of clocks on hand in your home.
Losing track of the time of day is one of the most common causes of confusion in the elderly in the morning and throughout the day. Put a clock in every room where the individual spends time and keep the blinds open so they can see outside to assist reduce the uncertainty that this causes. The sunshine notifies them that it is daytime, and the darkness informs them that it is nighttime.
Confusion during the day and at night should be avoided.
Taking too many naps might also contribute to confusion and disorientation. While napping may seem wonderful or even necessary, when the person awakens, there is a greater likelihood of uncertainty about the time of day. Instead of dozing, take a brief walk with your partner. This not only helps the person stay on track with the correct time of day, but it also helps them sleep better at night. Adding a nightlight might assist reduce periods of disorientation at night. If the person does wake up, they will not be in complete darkness, which can add to their uncertainty.
Consult with your doctor.
Make sure you and your healthcare practitioner are on the same page about the signs and symptoms of vascular dementia. He or she is the ideal person to diagnose the exact problems your loved one is having, as well as provide you with the information and support you need to help your loved one.